Title of ... Description of .. VideoObject
Healthy vision
What an ill eye sees
Vision disorders
Macular degeneration UVEA

Macular degeneration

The yellow spot or macula is the place on the retina with the clearest vision.
The disease appears as a degeneration of the yellow spot and is age-related.
Smokers, people with an unhealthy lifestyle or diabetes over the age of fifty are particularly at risk.

What’s the problem?


Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is a disease which affects the quality of vision.
It is caused by degenerative changes in the area of the yellow spot. The result is blurred vision, even a blot in the centre of the field of vision and can end in blindness. It mostly affects only one eye, however, in time the other eye also contracts the disease.
We differentiate two types of AMD.
The wet type is less common. Here, blood vessels grow under the retina, causing the central part of the retina to bulge, and even bleeding is possible, which can lead to its detachment.
The dry type is more widespread; the deterioration of vision is slower and is caused by a decrease in sensory receptors and a thinning of the retinal pigment epithelium.


How is it treated?

Zlta skvrna operacia

At present, only a conservative treatment exists for this type of disease.
We can try the wet form by applying special injections (growth factor anti-bodies, so-called anti-VEGF) directly inside the eye.
We can only treat the dry type with nutritional supplements and by lowering risk factors (restricting smoking, reducing obesity, treating high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol levels)

  • The function of the Anti-VEGF treatment is to lower the activity of growth factors and thus stop the unwanted growth of new blood vessels in the eye.
  • The application of anti-VEGF takes a few seconds, and the procedure takes a few minutes including the preparation time.
  • The application itself of anti-VEGF is not painful.
Zlta skvrna operacia

Early self-diagnosis

Macular degeneration can be exposed using the “Amsler test”.
Cover one eye, and look at the dot in the middle of the picture from a distance of 30 to 40 cm. All the lines and the central dot should be straight and clearly visible.
If some of them are wavy or disappear, we recommend a consultation in our eye clinic, in particular if you are over the age of fifty.

    Amslerov test

Our team for ARDM treatment

Our experienced staff will care for your eyes as if they were their own.

  • MUDr. Rastislav Vida
    MUDr. Rastislav Vida
  • MUDr. Viola Lešková
    MUDr. Viola Lešková
  • MUDr. Monika Fedorová
    MUDr. Monika Fedorová
  • MUDr. Karolína Kapitánová
    MUDr. Karolína Kapitánová

    Equipment and instruments

      VISULAS YAG Laser III Comb

      VISULAS YAG Laser III Combi


      This combined laser enables the highly precise treatment of the anterior or posterior eye segment. The laser is fully integrated into the slit lamp, which means the patient does not have to move to another instrument. The Visulas Yag Laser III Combi is used for the photocoagulation of the retina, the treatment of secondary cataracts, or laser therapy for glaucoma.

      Cirrus HD coherent tomograph

      Cirrus HD coherent tomograph


      At the UVEA Mediklinik, we have the Cirrus coherent tomograph which is one of the most modern, highly useful examination and imaging device aimed at the detailed examination of posterior and anterior eye structures such as the retina, optic nerve and cornea. We use it for rapid and simple diagnostics before most eye procedures. Thanks to its perfect optics, the Cirrus HD-OCT also offers our doctors highly professional analyses and graphical imaging of the results obtained. As a result, doctors can monitor the development of a wide range of eye diseases.

    • ZEISS Visucam 500
      Funduskamera Visucam 500

      Funduskamera Visucam 500

      ZEISS Visucam 500

      The camera VISUCAM 500 with its 24-megapixel sensor creates brilliant, detail-rich images which are an effective help in the diagnostics and monitoring of a wide range of eye diseases: from glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy through to age-related macular degeneration (ARMD).
      The advantage of the Visucam camera is the high definition imaging of the retina and its wide range of imaging regimes

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    Price list


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